Training Instructor

  • Training Instructor


  • Certification

Course Description

  • Course Description

Phased Array Ultrasonic Testing (PAUT) Level II

What are Ultrasonic Phased Arrays?

Ultrasonic phased arrays use a multiple element probe whereby the output pulse from each element is time delayed in such a way  so as produce constructive interference at a specific angle and a specific depth. These time delays can be incremented over a range of angles to sweep the beam over the desired angular range. For example, 40 to 75 degree beam sweep would be produced by calculating the time delays to produce constructive interference at 40, 41, 42 …75  degs. This NDT technology is also referred as Swept Beam Ultrasonic testing. The main advantages of phased array in NDE are abilities to sweep a range of angles, to display the image in real time for the swept angles, to focus.


Training Objectives:

Phased array ultrasonic testing course provides the knowledge required to operate equipment and perform manual & encoded phased array testing on welds. The course covers theoretical aspects on phased array application, its advantages and limitations, application of phased array. It also includes requirements of code & standards. The course also covers in depth practical aspects for application of Phased Array on welds in Pipes & Plates using required accessories such as calibration blocks, validation samples, encoders, scanners etc.


PAUT Level II Responsibilities:

An individual certified to PAUT Level II has demonstrated competence to perform NDT according to PAUT Testing procedures. Within the scope of the competence defined on the certificate, Level II personnel may be authorized by the employer to:

  • Select the PAUT technique for the test method to be used;
  • Define the limitations of application of the testing method;
  • Set up and verify equipment settings;
  • Interpret and evaluate results according to applicable standards, codes, specifications or procedures;
  • Prepare PAUT written instructions
  • Carry out and supervise all tasks at or below level II;
  • Report the results of PAUT


Course Outline:

Days: 12 days training and 2 day exam (2 day introduction included)
Duration: 96 hours

General Topics:

  • Wave Physics of Phased Array Ultrasonics
  • Phased Array Transducers
    •  Probe Feature and Design
    •  Beam and Wave Forming
    •  Electronics and Computer Control
  • Calibration of a Phased Array System (OmniScan)
  • Phased Array Scanning Applications
    • Beam Focusing
    • Beam Steering
    • Manual Phased Array Scans
    • Electronic scanning
    • Sector Scanning
    • Combined scanning using the OmniScan  Grouping Feature
  • Phased Array Probe Selection
  • Phased Array Data Presentation
    • A, B C, S Scans
    • Sectorial Scans
    • Linear Scans
    • File Management
  • Limitations (steering/array lobes)
  • DAC and TCG Calibrations
  • Encoder Calibrations and Encoded Examinations
  • Overview of Codes and Standards for Phased Array
  • Hands-on Phased Array Calibration and Examination Laboratory Exercises

Who Should Attend?

  • Should be High School graduate of science branch (minimum recommended level of education
  • Should have a minimum experience of 160 hours in method.
  • Should have a minimum of Level-II Ultrasonic Testing.
  • Certificates: Near Vision acuity (Jaeger Number 2 or Ortho-Rater 8), and Color Contrast
  • Differentiation has to be submitted at the time of registration.



Certification awarded for those who complete General, Specific and Practical examinations with an aggregate average of 80%.

Course Equipment and Materials:

We provide training material, Omni scan equipment & probes, calibration blocks and sample specimens for practical training.

Class Capacity:

 Not more than 8 participants per each batch